The Eucharistic Miracle of Lanciano


lancianoApproximately in the year 700 A. D. in the Italian city of Lanciano at the monastery of St. Longinus, a Basilian monk was preparing to offer Mass.  Because he was struggling with his faith in the Real Presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist, he prayerfully asked God for help.  Perhaps he said, “Lord I believe, but help my unbelief.”  He then proceeded to the altar.

During the holy Mass, at the double consecration when our Lord’s words from the Last Supper are repeated over wheaten hosts and a chalice of ordinary wine mixed with water, a visible change in the Eucharistic elements occurred.  With the consecratory words, “This is My Body,” the appearances of the host changed from bread to flesh, and with the words, “This is the chalice of My Blood,” the appearances of the wine changed to that of blood.  The priest, with nervous excitement, recognized in this miracle the answer to his prayers.  He then invited the congregation to come forward and see the miracle for themselves.  The people wept for joy and, after Mass, left the parish to tell family, friends, and strangers of this extraordinary blessing.  Shortly afterwards, the bishop was informed.  He investigated and declared it to be a Eucharistic miracle.

Thirteen hundred years later, without the aid of modern scientific methods of preservation or sealing, these Eucharistic elements are still in tact and on display in the cathedral.  This in itself is miraculous.  The Host still appears like flesh, while the Precious Blood has coagulated into five pellets – suggesting our Lord’s five wounds to his hands, feet, and side.

In the year 1970, Archbishop Pacifico Perentoni of Lanciano decided to allow fragments of these Eucharistic elements to be examined in a laboratory.  The tests were to be conducted by Dr. Odoardo Linoli, professor of anatomy and pathological histology, and chemistry and clinical microscopy, as well as former head of the Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy at the Hospital of Arrezo.  He would be assisted by Dr. Ruggero Bertelli, professor emeritus of Human Anatomy at the Universtity of Siena.

On March 4, 1971, the results of the tests were presented to the public.

  • The Contents of the chalice were fresh human Blood, AB type, and contained  chlorides, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and calcium.
  • The Host was human flesh, perfectly preserved, containing fresh human Blood, AB type.
  • This Flesh was the cross section of the wall of a human heart, the myocardium and the endocardium.
  • The particular sample of the Heart could normally be obtained only by a skilled pathologist.
  • No traces of preservatives were found, nor would the freshness of the samples have allowed extraction from a cadaver.

In an interview with ZENIT, Dr. Linoli later stated,

“As regards the flesh, I had in my hand the endocardium.  Therefore, there is no doubt at all that it is cardiac tissue.”

Regarding the Precious Blood, he said,

“The blood group is the same as that of the Man of the Holy Shroud of Turin, and it is particular because it has the characteristics of a man who was born and lived in the Middle East regions.”

In 1973, the Higher Council of the World Health Organization assigned a number of scientists to investigate the findings of doctors Linoli and Bertelli.  Over a period of fifteen months, five hundred examinations were conducted.  The findings only reaffirmed the original results, and these were published in New York and Geneva in 1976.  In 1981, Dr. Linoli himself tested his previous findings using more advanced technology, and the results were the same.

A Catholic might logically wonder, “In light of such objective and scientific evidence for the Real Presence, how could a non-believer persist in their unbelief?”  I would respond with two personal stories.

First, one day while hiking with an atheist, I asked my unbelieving companion what he thought of Eucharistic miracles.  I then recounted the story of Lanciano.  He responded, “Well it might have been the flesh and blood of some one, but how do you know it was the flesh and blood of Jesus?”

Second, I once mentioned the issue of Eucharistic miracles to a rather renowned Protestant apologist who was speaking at a local Baptist church.  His immediate response was to claim that all such apparent Eucharistic miracles were actually demonic delusions. 

Presented with objective evidence demonstrating the veracity of Catholic teaching, what else can the stubborn unbeliever do but run?  What else but descend into illogical absurdities that require as much “faith” as do the miracles themselves?

The responses of these two men are sobering reminders that, believing is not only a matter of the intellect; it is a matter also of the will.  A person can have a plenitude of reasons to believe.  He or she can have a deep intellectual comprehension of doctrines and morals, apologetical arguments to support them, and even additional “motives of credibility” provided by miracles.  And yet, the tiny human creature can freely resist and deny the Creator of the universe, because faith requires the virtue of humility, the grace-inspired willingness to bow before the Great Other and profess His Holy Name.   And many people would rather do anything other than bow to the Great Other.

The various Eucharistic miracles that have occurred over the centuries are certainly extraordinary.  And yet, in another way, they are entirely ordinary.  They indicate a hidden reality that is invisibly present on the altars even of the smallest and most ordinary Catholic parishes throughout the world; namely, the abiding presence of Emmanuel – God with us – wherever the holy Mass is offered.  For at every valid Mass, the words of consecration convert mere bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ so that nothing remains of that bread and wine except their appearances.  What the faithful receive in Holy Communion is the very same divine Person Who died on Calvary – the same Flesh that was pierced by nail and lance for our sins, and the same Blood that was spilled at the scourging and later flowed down the beams of the Cross.

In the Eucharistic Miracle of Lanciano, science demonstrated what the faithful already see with the luminous eyes of faith – that which the Church has proclaimed for two thousand years and can be found even in a children’s catechism.  Baltimore Catechism One teaches,

“Q. What is the Holy Eucharist?
A. The Holy Eucharist is the Sacrament which contains the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity, of Our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearances of bread and wine.”

Truly, as Our Lord once prayed,

“I praise thee, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou didst hide these things from the wise and prudent, and didst reveal them to little ones” (Mt. 11:25).


Even the Devil Must Bear Witness

Fall of LuciferI was born and raised in a liberal Catholic environment.  I attended twelve years of Catholic school, went to Sunday Mass with my family, was an altar boy, went to monthly confession with my class, and was educated by nuns and priests as well as Catholic laymen.  My father was the school physician and cared for the parish priests, and my mother was the parish organist.  To state the obvious, my upbringing was Catholic, Catholic, Catholic.  But the key word in all of this is not the term “Catholic,” but the term “liberal.”  To say we were Catholics is simply misleading; rather, we were liberal Catholics, and this little qualifier changes everything.  It means that, although ostensibly my daily life was surrounded by the appearances of Catholicism, in fact, the Catholicism generally went no deeper than the appearances.  And to make brief what could be a very long story, let me summarize the rest by saying that my intellect during those twelve years was far from Catholic.

We did not study the Bible; we did not study the Catechism; we did not study the history of the Church; we did not learn how to understand, explain, or defend the Church’s teachings; we did not read the lives of the Saints; we did not pray the Rosary, say grace before meals, attend the Stations of the Cross or Eucharistic Benediction, or practice penances.  The ostensibly Catholic environment in which I was raised expected only that we would remain in an ostensibly Catholic environment, never taking our religion too seriously, never inquiring too deeply into its teachings, and never practicing too literally its morality.  The Holy Mass and the Holy Eucharist?  Frequent confession?  Heaven, hell, and purgatory?  Grace, free will, and merit?  Atonement and Redemption?  Apostolic succession?  Papal infallibility?  The Purpose of life?  Heresy, apostasy, and schism?  Divorce, adultery, cohabitation, contraception, and homosexuality?  Whatever.  I was vaguely familiar with these terms and presumed they were Catholic issues of some type, but I couldn’t possibly understand or explain them, nor did I feel obligated to believe or respect them, nor did I.  It was merely the stuff that liberal Catholics could expect to hear about once in a while – usually from the old men in Rome – but that shouldn’t cause them any fear or concern.  For none of it – we lazily presumed – was actually true or even important.  And if it was…whatever.

What was the outcome of this liberal Catholic upbringing?  With a heavy heart I can say – like so many of you – the outcome has been that most of my siblings have left the Church.  And during my twenties, when I began to ask all the big questions in life and found that my religious formation offered me no answers, I left as well and became a virulent anti-Catholic.  For I thought the problem was Catholicism itself.

Shouldn’t this have been expected?  After all, if our priests and bishops have preached for decades that one Church, denomination, or religion is basically as good as any other, then isn’t it only natural and logical that those who have absorbed such ecumenical cheerleading should never again come back?  Yes, if everyone and their pet is going to heaven, regardless of their religion, personal beliefs, or actual sins, then why should we stay for even one more Kyrie?  If there is no substantial difference between St. Mary’s Catholic Parish and Duck River Baptist Church, then let’s skip the whole religious thing and sleep in on Sunday mornings.

It is the countless Catholics who have fallen away that have actually acted on the sermons of the past fifty years.  They are the ones who have taken it all seriously.  And those who have remained in the Church – they are the ones who have, thanks be to God Almighty, not taken seriously the preaching of the liberals and ecumaniacs.  Our pastors should be thankful that many of us simply ignore their homilies and remain in spite of them.  And if ever we take them seriously, they’ll know it when they see the empty pews.

For at least six years I despised the Catholic Church and every trace or shadow of Catholicism.  During that time, I trained myself in the black craft of anti-Catholic argumentation.  I formed my intellect with the writings of the Protestant so-called “Reformers;” I studied the King James Version Bible, supplemented by Protestant commentaries; I read Church history from a Protestant perspective; I attended countless worship services of both denominations and cults, prayed fervently for the purest Gospel faith, and believed I was born again and saved; and I often discussed and debated Christian belief with both Protestant ministers and lay people, constantly enforcing my own positions with anti-Catholic arguments.

In spite of this monumental intellectual effort, in spite of studying religion for hours each day, the cracks in my anti-Catholicsm began to appear.  They struck its foundation from every direction, from studying more carefully the Bible, from reading the Apostolic Fathers, from reflecting on Church history, and from considering the catastrophic state of Christendom in light of the private interpretation of Holy Scripture.  All of these noble pursuits revealed the flaws in my arguments and the errors in Protestantism itself.  Their combined effect increasingly pointed back to the last place on earth I was willing to go.  I told myself over and over, “God forbid; I will never again be a Catholic.”  In a panic, I begged God in prayer to save me from Catholicism and to help me remain Protestant.  I asked Him to lead me to anyone or anything that would help me maintain a Protestant faith.   A hundred times I prayed, “Lord, save me from this!  Don’t ever ask me to be Catholic again!”  And then God answered my prayers with another type of fracture: He forced the devil to bear witness to the truth.

I had always been fascinated with the New Age Movement – fascinated in that I recognized the grave threat this neo-pagan revival posed to the Christian faith and world.  As a result, I had studied about it for years and gained a sound understanding of its fundamental beliefs and practices.  One topic that frequently came up in these studies was Satanism – the beliefs and practices of Satanists.  But I recognized over and over again one aspect of Satanic practice that increasingly bothered me: the Black Mass.  When the foremost opponents of the Kingdom of God – the Christ-loathing Satanists – gathered to offer their most formal and solemn blasphemous praises to the devil, they performed a mockery of the Catholic Mass said backwards in Latin and on the back of a naked woman!  They did not perform a mockery of a Protestant service.  They did not sing multiple hymn verses to Satan, or listen to forty-five minute sermons on hatred and blasphemy, or answer an evil altar call, or read backwards the KJV Bible, or even preach their own Satanic Bible on street corners.  No.  When Satanists wanted to perform the wickedest act of blasphemy, they turned to a mockery of the Holy Mass.  And when they wanted to perform the lowest act of sacrilege, they sought to desecrate a Host.  No, not a piece of communion bread from a Protestant service, but only a Host consecrated at Holy Mass by a Catholic priest.

These unwelcome realizations caused me great pain as I reflected on their meaning.  Why, I wondered, would the Satanists not mock Protestantism – almost as a favor to me?  Then I could have a desperately needed reason to remain Protestant!

Three more giant cracks soon appeared.  I learned, first, that one of the most significant symptoms of demonic possession was the inability of the possessed to tolerate the moment of consecration at Holy Mass, and second, that they could not bear to consume a consecrated Host.  And then I learned from a former Satanic priestess (turned Catholic) that such a person could identify a single consecrated Host in a bowl of unconsecrated hosts.  Why?  Because the demons, the possessed, and those who have received certain powers from the devil, are painfully sensitive to the presence of their enemy, Jesus Christ.  CRUNCH!

The Church teaches that – mystery of mysteries – the devil and his fallen angelic companions can do nothing except what they are allowed to do by God.  They are not free; rather, they are like chained junkyard dogs – vicious as can preternaturally be, but hopelessly chained by Divine Providence.  And in spite of all their wicked stratagems and desires, the demons cannot prevent one iota of the establishment of God’s Kingdom, and they even contribute to its establishment with their resistance to it.

In every way, Satan and the demons are the antithesis of God and everything godly.  Hence, in hating, they bear witness to divine love; in killing, they bear witness to the sacredness of life; in promoting perversity, they bear witness to purity; in assaulting the family, they bear witness to traditional marriage; in despising the Gospel, they bear witness to the truth that sets us free; and in mocking both the Catholic Church and the Holy Mass, they only bear witness to all things authentically Catholic.  For every act of demonic evil is answered with infinitely superior acts of divine goodness – in Christ’s Incarnation and atoning death, in the establishment of His Church, in her edifying teachings and grace-bearing sacraments, and in God’s promises of a blessed eternal life for the just in the presence of the beautiful Thrice-Holy God.  No matter what he does or says or where he goes, even the devil must bear witness.

In the Gospels, the demons, speaking through the possessed, repeatedly bore witness to Christ.  In His presence they would pitiably cry out,

“We know who you are, the Holy One of God!  Have you come to torment us before the time?”

They feared Christ; they dreaded His holy presence and divine power.  They wanted to run from Him, but couldn’t.  As our Lord drove them out of the possessed, they would fall to the ground in their last moments, flailing about and screaming in the agony of exorcism, bearing witness over and over again to Christ our Lord.  And to this day, nothing has changed.  Exorcisms continue to bear witness to the spiritual powers given to the Church by Christ, while the inability of the possessed to endure the Holy Mass and the Holy Eucharist bears witness to the Real Presence of Christ in the Sacrament of sacraments.

Several years before she died, my mother heard me tell on The Fullness of Truth radio program the story of the Eucharistic Miracle of Lanciano.  My own beloved mother, a life-long Catholic who had secretly prayed daily for my return to the Church, had never heard of this remarkable story in which the findings of modern science demonstrated the assertions of faith in the Eucharistic Real Presence.  She could only shake her head afterwards and ask one question that I will never forget: “Why?  Why did they never tell us such things?”

Indeed, why hadn’t they told us such things?  Why did the Church miserably fail to testify to herself, to her own magnificent teachings, and to her precious divine Savior and His saving Gospel?  Would it have caused a breach in the truth-loathing liberal and ecumenical mission to do so?  Must everything be thrown overboard in order to save and serve the New-Church euphoria, including immortal souls?

I guess my parents could only give us what they had been given.  I hold absolutely nothing against them.  They were the best of parents, but they raised us in an age of religious revolution, when the Church wanted to be something other than Christ had made her, and when she wanted to possess something other than Christ had given her.  And to this day, the Catholic Church still suffers from the same identity crisis in which she would prefer to be just another merely human institution with just another assortment of human ideas and customs.  But such is not the case, for she is God’s exceptional channel of divine truth and grace, and she has the gravest obligation to dispense these to a lost and languishing human race.

How I wish all of these astounding and life-transforming truths had been persuasively taught to us so many years ago in that liberal Catholic environment.  If they had, that godless liberalism, alas exorcised by Gospel truth, would have instantly fled back to the fiery hell from which it had come.

“At Jesus’ name
every knee must bend
In the heavens, on the earth,
and under the earth,
and every tongue proclaim
to the glory of God the Father:

– Phil. 2:10-11